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The Sailboat

© 1996, 1998 Sherwood Clay Randall, Jr.
As with all these designs, try to start with relatively clean, crisp bills. It will go much easier. All folds should be sharply creased. It helps to go over the fold with a fingernail on a flat, hard surface.

The sailboat requires two bills, one for the sail, one for the body of the boat.

(A problem with trying to explain this one is that the thing gets three dimensional at times, and I'm getting the pictures from a flatbed scanner. You are going to have to use a little more imagination on this one than on some of the others.)

Part I - The Sail

illustration 1 Start by folding a corner in at a 45 degree angle so that the side edge exactly meets the bottom edge.
illustration 2 Fold the opposite side in so that it meets the first fold.
illustration 3 illustration 4 Refold the longer side into the original fold twice. This section will end up becoming the "mast" of the sailboat. (At this point it starts to get difficult to try to keep the folds tight and neat since we're getting to four layers at the fold, but it is important to do the best you can.)
illustration 5 At the end of the "mast", flatten out the end of all the layered folds as shown. (This really doesn't show up on the scans well. If you can't see it from this picture, look at the next to get an idea of where we're going.)
illustration 6 For the flat section created above (not further up the mast), reverse fold along the mast folds created in the steps 2 & 3. This will create two "wings", one along either side of the mast. These end up being used later to attach the sail to the hull.

The sail is done. Easy, no?

Part II - The Hull

illustration 7 Start with the second bill. Fold precisely in half lengthwise, then unfold. Using the crease from this fold to guide you, fold both corners of one end in to the centerline as shown. These folds will later form the prow, and I'll refer to them below as the prow folds. (For the less nautically-inclined reader, "prow" refers to the forward part of a ship's hull.)
illustration 8 illustration 9 Unfold the previous folds, but retain the creases created, they will be needed later. Now fold the bill precisely in thirds lengthwise. (It takes a little practice to be able to be able to eye-ball this fold, but it comes with practice.) These folds will separate the bottom from the sides of the hull, and I'll refer to them below as the hull folds.
illustration 10 Unfold the previous folds, but again, retain the creases created. Fold the bill in half end-to-end and crease hard. This fold will separate the stern from the bottom of the hull. I'll refer to it below as the stern fold. (For you 'land-lubbers', the "stern" is the rear part of a ship or boat.)
illustration 11 Refold the prow folds. Re-crease the hull folds up so that each of the sides is about 90 degress from the center ('U'-shaped.) Re-crease the stern fold. Note that the hull folds and the stern folds are opposing. So...
illustration 12 Force the hull and stern folds to form the corners of a box, as shown here (or as well as can be shown on a flatbed scanner). For the whole scheme to work out, both of these intersecting folds have to fold in toward the center. As shown, the portion of the bill between the prow and the stern fold is open, while the remainder of the bill along the hull folds becomes a flat tab sticking up.
illustration 13 Okay, that flat tab is now folded over the stern into the interior of the boat. As shown, make this fold so that it forces a little of both gunwales to wrap down. ("Gunwale" = the upper edges of the hull's sides.) The width of the white border of the bill is about right for the overlap. Don't try to fix the gunwales yet. Take the remainder of the 'flat tab' and force it to conform to the inside of the stern, and along the deck. Although it's slipping in the picture, you want the end of the tab to be behind the edges created by the prow folds.
(At this point, I would normally insert the sail and continue. After you've done a few, you probably will too. For clarity, both in the illustrations and instructions, I will continue to complete the hull. At the end I'll describe how to go back to insert the sail.)
Okay, this is fairly easy to do, but really difficult to describe. That's why there are three pictures here. You're going to make the prow folds meet the gunwales. To do this, take a hold of the prow fold in one hand where it meets the side, and take hold of gunwale about one half an inch (a little over a centimeter for some of you) away in the other hand.

illustration 14 Force an 'S' bend to form at that point and angle the prow line to the gunwale. The prow fold should line up with the top of the printing (not the edge of the bill) at the top. Also, the direction of the S bend should force the prow fold to the inside of the boat.

Use the S bend to lead you to create two folds that form a 'V', where the two folds meet at the hull fold. (Look at the first picture until the instructions makes sense, or until you figure it out on your own, which ever happens first. I'm a programmer, not a documentation specialist!)

Once you've got those folds, you form the gunwales by folding the edges over from prow to stern. (Remember back two steps? We wrapped the 'flat tab' over a little. Here's where it comes in handy.)

Since so many people seem to be having problems with this part, I've added some more pictures.

illustration 15 You should have ended up with something that looks like this picture when you refolded the prow folds.
Here's a sequence showing the "Z" bend that we put in to get the prow to come up and meet the gunwale properly. (It is a fairly wide picture. Depending on your screen resolution, you may need to scroll right to see it all.)

illustration 16

Once the Z bend is in the right position, crease down to make a tight fold. Next, start to fold the gunwale side over the top of the prow fold line, towards the interior of the hull.

illustration 17

When you're finished, it should look like the picture. Repeat the procedure for the opposite side.

illustration 18

illustration 19 The second and third pictures show the outside and inside after the gunwale fold.

illustration 20 Sorry, but this is the best picture I could come up with on a flatbed scanner.

(See additional pictures.).

illustration 21 This picture shows the completed hull from the top. Both gunwales have been completed.

If you get it just right, it looks pretty 'ship-shape'. If you didn't get this right the first time, go back to the previous step and fix the prow-fold to gunwale points. They should be even and make the side match up properly. They also hold most everything together.

illustration 22 Here's the finished product.

("What??? Didn't you skip something?!?")

No, actually the only instruction for attaching the sail to the hull is to unfold the prow folds to allow the 'wings' at the base of the mast to slide under. Then just push the prow folds back in place. As I mentioned above, I usually insert the sail as I'm going along, but it's simple enough to do afterward.

These things are really top-heavy. If you want them to stand upright on their own you have two choices:
Reliable sources have told me that with ballast, they will float quite nicely for several minutes (until the bill absorbs enough water to get soggy and come apart on it's own). I've never actually tried it myself!

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